24/09/2020 - 10/01/2021

Eyckons :: © © Musea Brugge - www.lukasweb.be Art in Flanders, photo Dominique Provost

During the middle ages, pilgrims and crusaders passed from the West to the Holy Land through Byzantine territories, encountering Byzantium’s culture and disseminating it upon their return. However, it is only during the late fourteenth and during the fifteenth century that the Low Countries began looking at Byzantine models as inspiration. Early Netherlandish painters as Van Eyck, Van der Weyden, Memling and Schongauer adhered to the Byzantine models and transformed them into devotional images. The reasons for such a phenomenon are manifold, but the councils of the Catholic Church increased the awareness of the importance of Byzantium for Christendom, while the Devotio Moderna created a demand for new devotional imagery.

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